SharePoint Designer Workflow Failed on Start (Retrying) issue

December 22nd, 2011 | Categories: SharePoint Designer

Recently I’ve stumbled on a strange error in SharePoint. In the entire site collection I couldn’t start any workflow (nobody could). If workflows were set to start automatically, they would fail immediately with the message Failed on Start (Retrying)

If they were set to manual start after clicking the Start button on the workflow initiation form, nothing would happen.

In SharePoint logs I’d find the following message:

System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException: Exception has been thrown by the target of an invocation. ---> System.Collections.Generic.KeyNotFoundException: The given key was not present in the dictionary.     at System.ThrowHelper.ThrowKeyNotFoundException()     at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.get_Item(TKey key)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWorkflowManager.IsConfigForSite(SPSite site)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWorkflowManager.GetWorkflowConfurationSection(SPSite site, String section)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWinOeHostServices.EnsurePluggableServices(SPSite site, SPWorkflowExternalDataExchangeServiceCollection services, ExternalDataExchangeService existingServices)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWinOeHostServices..ctor(SPSite site, SPWeb web, SPWorkflowManager manager, SPWorkflowEngine engine)     --- End of inner exception stack trace ---     at System.RuntimeMethodHandle._InvokeConstructor(Object[] args, SignatureStruct& signature, IntPtr declaringType)     at System.Reflection.RuntimeConstructorInfo.Invoke(BindingFlags invokeAttr, Binder binder, Object[] parameters, CultureInfo culture)     at System.RuntimeType.CreateInstanceImpl(BindingFlags bindingAttr, Binder binder, Object[] args, CultureInfo culture, Object[] activationAttributes)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWorkflowManager.LoadPluggableClass(String classname, String assembly, Object[] parameters)     at Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWorkflowManager.GetService(SPWorkflowAssociation association, SPWorkflowEngine engine)     at Microsoft.SharePointWorkflow.SPWorkflowManager.RunWorkflowElev(SPWorkflow workflow, Collection`1 events, SPWorkflowRunOptionsInternal runOptions)

On another site collection on the same server workflows were working normally.

I’ve tried to resolve the problem with the solution described here but unfortunately it didn’t work.

At the end what worked for me was to re-enable workflows on site.

In Central Administration select Application Management and Manage web applications

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Next select the failing Web application

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Now click arrow under General Settings in the ribbon and select Workflow

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Select No for "Enable user-defined workflows…" and click OK.

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Now reopen the Workflow settings dialog by clicking on General Settings –> Workflow again

and select Yes, to re-enable user defined workflows.

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Confirm your selection by clicking on the OK button.

This got my workflows up and running again.